Seven Spirits

Sorry for the ‘I’s but I was reading and beginning to translate the Book of Revelation from a copy of the Textus Receptus with Strong’s Numbers and I found something interesting that I wanted to study a little and share.  In Revelation 1:4 it says:

Rev 1:4  John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne,

Not that I’ve never seen this, I have, but it seemed interesting because I did not know who or what the seven spirits were.  I have loads of commentaries around in book form as well as on the computer so I determined to find out who they were in the Bible.  I have my research, and that of some good commentaries.

The best is Jon Courson, a very good, very Biblical, free, as in creative thinker and comical, thorough, brief and interesting.

‘Here we see the Trinity’, he says, ‘Him which is, and was, and is to come’ is God the Father.

‘What is your name’, Moses asked of God in Exodus 3.

‘I am that I am’, answered God- the Tetragrammaton that became so sacred to the Jews that they would only write the consonants: YHWH.

The seven Spirits refer to the seven fold ministry of the Holy Spirit as seen in Isaiah 11:2-3.

Jesus Christ is indeed the Faithful Witness. ‘Show us the Father’, Phillip said, ‘and it will suffice us’.

‘Don’t you know that he hath seen Me hath seen the Father?’  answered Jesus. (John14:9)


Rev 3:1  “To the angel of the church in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars, says this: ‘I know your deeds, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead.


Jon Courson’s Commentary:  ‘As you read this section, you will notice that all of the references to Christ in Chapter 1 are repeated again in Chapter 2&3.  We saw in Verse 4 of Chap.1 that the ‘seven spirits of God’ refer to the seven-fold nature of the Holy Spirit as seen in Isaiah 11.  Why would this description be repeated in Chap.3 in conjunction with Sardis the Church?  Because while most traditional mainline Protestants like Lutheran, Presbyterians,  Wesleyans, Methodists and Congregationalists champion everything from homosexuality to environmental issues- they are wary of the ministry of the Spirit’.


Isa 11:2  The Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

Isa 11:3  And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what His ears hear;


So as you can see these are the virtues of the ministry of the Spirit.  There are seven of them.  We could use some understanding in trying to figure out what the translations of the Bible are saying, sometimes.  All are admirable qualities that God would have in quantity to serve man and to create the universe.


My New American Standard Bible commentary says here, that:  ‘The Spirit will rest on Him.  The messiah, like David (1Samuel16:13), will be empowered by the Spirit; counsel and strength.  The Holy Spirit will endow Him with understanding to undertake wise purposes and with power to carry them out.  Fear of the Lord.  Delight in the fear of the Lord, GOD does’.


In a further area of my study which I will express in more of Jon Courson’s  Commentary; I really enjoy him like no other.  He is so knowledgeable, funny and has info no one else has which is cool.

So I found some scriptures which are a theory of the seven spirits and are the gifts of the Holy Spirit from Romans 12:6-8.  Some people think that these are the seven spirits.  Things He does, qualities He has that are God like and that He gives to us.  Though He probably does not give each one to every person, but He has them and gives each person a gift as a seal and guarantee that the Holy Spirit is real and all else in the Bible is true.  He gives some of Himself for us to develop and show to the world.  He doesn’t make us perfect though but more like Jesus; and as I said Jesus had, has it all.  I will list them and explain a few:

Rom 12:6  Since we have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, each of us is to exercise them accordingly: if prophecy, according to the proportion of his faith;

Rom 12:7  if service, in his serving; or he who teaches, in his teaching;

Rom 12:8  or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.


Jon Courson, ‘This is the only time in scripture where spiritual gifts are spoken of directly.  Wait a minute you say.  What about 1Corinthians 12 and 14, and Ephesians 4.

Look at these passages and see the word ‘gifts’ is in italics, meaning it was not present in the original Greek.  You see, the gifts mentioned here in Romans are the motivational gifts, the manifestations of them of which are listed in 1 Corinthians 12, and the ministries are found in Ephesians 4.  That is why you see the list of gifts here in Romans 12 contains the motivational gift that God, by His grace, has given every believer.  As we become open to the spirit, He adds the manifestations of the Spirit (1COR 12) as well as the ministry of the Spirit (Eph4).

‘As Paul lists the motivational gifts- the tools in the box of the Master Carpenter- he divides them into two groups: those that expound the word (vs6-8a), and those that expand the work (8b).  The first motivational gift Paul discusses is prophecy.  Prophecy means more than foretelling.  It primarily means forth-telling- expounding the word, declaring truth.  The Word burns in the heart of those with the gift of prophecy.  They know what should be shared and feel a pressing need to speak out.

‘Prophecy declares truth.  Ministry depicts truth.  Jesus modeled this over and over again when He would first teach then touch.  He would teach truth and then touch people as an illustration of what He taught.  Ministering simply means serving.  I think of Dorcas in Acts 9.  When she died the early church went into upheaval.  Why was she so loved?  Because she was a minister in the truest sense of the word.  Others declared truth and warmed people’s heart; Dorcas depicted truth by sewing people’s garments and warming their bodies’.

I tried to show various aspects of the Holy Spirit and who the seven spirits are.  I hope He has a much fuller picture for you- what He is like and how He works.  The sevens spirits of God are really one Holy Spirit.  He can do much more than these lists I have presented.  He convicts of sin, righteousness and judgment and leads all men to the Father through what He says about Jesus.  I hope you will listen to Him even if He is not in your heart yet.  He points to Jesus, He loves you and He wants to minister to you by living inside of you and leading you to eternal life through Jesus way.   Repent of your sins and open your heart to Him, be sincere, get baptized and He will be yours.



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